Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Organizing women migrants: The Filipino and Cape Verdean womens associations in Rome

Wendy Pojmann

Abstract

Migrant womens associations in Italy did not simply emerge from informal networks. The Filipino and Cape Verdean womens associations in Rome are examples of the results of multiple factors that contributed to the strategy of self-organization established by migrant women with the intention of empowering themselves. An awareness of their unique position as women from mostly-female migrant groups, a lack of institutional bodies prepared to assist them, and the leadership of individual women were key aspects in the formation of the first migrant womens associations in Rome. Gender and nationality were the main components of migrant womens organizing in the first mostly-female migrant groups.

Keywords

associations; Italy; empowerment strategies; women; Cape Verde; the Philippines

Full Text:

PDF

References

Andall, Jacqueline. 1998. Catholic and State Constructions of Domestic Workers: The Case of Cape Verdean Women in Rome in the 1970s. In The New Migration in Europe: Social Constructions and Social Realities, edited by Khalid Koser and Helma Lutz, 124142. London: Macmillan Press.

______. 2000. Gender, Migration and Domestic Service: The Politics of Black Women in Italy. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing.

Anthias, Floya and Gabriella Lazaridis, eds. 2000. Gender and Mi-gration in Southern Europe: Women on the Move. Oxford: Berg Publishers.

Basa, Charito. Phone interview by author, 7 December 2004, and in person interview by author, offices of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy, 22 June 2005.

Basa, Charito and Rosalud Jing de la Rosa. 2004. Me, Us, and Them: Realities and Illusions of Filipina Domestic Workers. A community research project by the Filipino Womens Council. Rome: Ograro.

Bozzoni, Marina, Giulia Della Marina, Emilia Ferraro, and Chiara Pasti. 1991. Il mito del ritorno delle donne capoverdiane. In Ghetti etnici e tensioni di vita, edited by Roberto De Angelis, 97123. Rome: La Meridiana Editori.

Cabrera-Balleza, Mavic. Life in Italy is no Dolce Vita: A mi-grants Life. Isis International. www.isiswomen.org.

Campani, Giovanna. 1990. Le donne immigrate in Italia. In Stranieri in Italia. Caratteri e tendenze dellimmigrazione dai paesi extracomunitari, edited by G. Cocchi, 316. Bologna: Misure/Materiali di Ricerca dellIstituto Cattaneo.

______. 2000. Genere, etnia e classe. Migrazioni al femminile tra esclusione e identit. Pisa: Edizioni ETS.

Caritas. 2002. Dossier immigrazione. Rome: Antarem.

______. 2002b. Le donne nel contesto dellimmigrazione in Italia: aspetti socio-statistici. Rome: Carocci.

Caritas, Progetto Equal, and OMCVI. 2003. Limmigrazione capoverdiana in Italia nel 2003. Il volto femminile di una comunit: 15 anni di storia. Conference summary, October 1516, Rome, Italy.

Chell, Victoria. 1997. Gender-Selective Migration: Somalian and Filipina Women in Rome. In Southern Europe and the New Immigrants. Edited by Russell King and Richard Black. Port-land, OR: Sussex Academic Press.

Colombo, Asher and Giuseppe Sciortino. 2004. Italian Immigra-tion: the Origins, Nature and Evolution of Italys Migratory Systems. Journal of Modern Italian Studies 9, no. 1: 4970.

Danese, Gaia. 1998. Enjeux et limites du mouvement associatif immigre en Italie. Migrations socit 55: 6774.

______. 1998b. Transnational Collective Action in Europe: the Case of Migrants in Italy and Spain. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 24, no. 4 (October): 71534.

DellOlio, Fiorella. 2004. Immigration and Immigrant Policy in Italy and the UK: Is Housing Policy a Barrier to a Common Approach Towards Immigration in the EU? Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 30, no. 1 (January): 10728.

Favaro, Graziella and Mara Tognetti Bordogna. 1991. Donne dal mondo. Strategie migratorie al femminile. Milan: Guerini e As-sociati s.r.l.

Grillo, Ralph. 2002. Immigration and the Politics of Recognizing Difference in Italy. In The Politics of Recognizing Difference: Multiculturalism Italian-style, edited by Ralph Grillo and Jeff Pratt, 124. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.

Jesus, Maria de Lourdes. Phone interview by author in Italian, translated into English. 5 February 2005.

Kofman, Eleonore, Annie Phizacklea, Parvati Raghuram and Rosemary Sales. 2000. Gender and International Migration in Europe: Employment, Welfare, and Politics. New York: Routledge.

Macioti, Maria Immacolata and Enrico Pugliese. 2003. Lesperienza migratoria. Immigrati e rifugiati in Italia. Rome: Gius. Laterza & Figli, SpA.

Melchiori, Paola. 1999. Crinali: Associazione di cooperazione, ricerca, e formazione interculturale fra donne (Milano). Speech delivered at conference Il Contributo delle donne migranti a una nuova cooperazione in Rome, Italy, May 19.

Palanca, Vaifra. 1999. Guida al pianeta immigrazione. Rome: Editori Riuniti.

Parreas, Rhacel Salazar. 2001. Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration and Domestic Work. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Pojmann, Wendy. 2006. Immigrant Women and Feminism in Italy. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

Tacoli, Cecelia. 1999. International Migration and the Restructuring of Gender Asymmetries: Continuity and Change Among Filipino Labour Migrants in Rome. International Migration Review 33, no. 3 (Fall): 65871.

United Nations. 2002. Data from Web site www.un.org.

Zincone, Giovanna. 2000. Primo rapporto sullintegrazione degli immigrati in Italia. Bologna: Il Mulino.

______. 2001. Secondo rapporto sullintegrazione degli immigrati in Italia. Bologna: Il Mulino.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.