Conceptualising the Emergence of Immigrants' Transnational Communities

Liza M. Nell


Under which circumstances do immigrant transnational political activities emerge into a sustainable transnational community? First, this depends on the transnational political opportunity structure (TPOS) including both immigrants country of settlement and the (ancestral) country of origin. Governments integration and emigration models that politically incorporate or exclude immigrants or emigrants may invite or discourage transnational political action. Second, different models of citizenship of both countries, used to define a migrants membership in society, strongly influence the type of transnational activities. At the same time citizenship contains the norms, values, and loyalties immigrants have in their notion of acting as a good (transnational) citizen.


citizenship; transnational politics; country of origin

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