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The Ideological Transformation of the PKK regarding the Political Economy of the Kurdish Region in Turkey

Abstract

When founded in 1978, the PKK defined itself as a socialist movement aiming to create a classless society through the formation of a new state-power. In the 1990s, the ideology of the PKK began to change and this transformation became apparent in the 2000s. The PKK has since completely abandoned its statist Marxist-Leninist national liberationist ideology, and has instead proposed to build democratic modernity through the creation of an anti-capitalist, anti-industrialist, women emancipatory and ecologist democratic confederalism framework. This project defines the ecologist-rural communes grounded on food sovereignty as its basic economic units. This article argues that the transformation of the PKKs goals on the political economy of the Kurdish region is shaped by, on the one hand, the world systemic and internal restraints acting upon the PKK, and on the other hand, the ideological responses of the PKK to those restraints.

Keywords: The PKK; Abdullah alan; democratic modernity; democratic confederalism; anti-capitalist movements.

Guhera eoloj di PKKyde aboriya siyasya hera kurdli Tirkiyey/h4>

Gava di sala 1978an de hate damezrandin, PKKyxwe wek hereketeke sosyalt pase kiribarmanca xwe wisa danku civakeke b durist bike bi ra avakirina desthilata dewleteke n Di sal 1990an de eolojiya PKKydest bi guherkir di sal 2000an de ev guher pir a?kera b Ji hingve, PKKybi temamdest ji eolojiya xwe ya MarksLenya azadiya neteweykaye, li batw ragihandiye ku dixwaze moderneya demokrat ava bike bi ra duristkirina rveyeke konfederaliya demokrat a dij-sermayedar dij-endtrer jin-rizgarkerane ekoloj. Di vprojeyde yekey abory esasew kom ekolojt-gundne ku li ser serbixweyiya xwe ya xurekp hatine (anku ji bo bidestxistina xureka xwe ne muhtacderve ne). Ev gotar diyar dike ku guher di armanc PKKyy li ser aboriya siyasya hera kurd ji aliyekve, ji ber wan zext berbest mehdiyet stemy global navxweyp hatine ku kar di PKKydikin, ji aliydve, ji ber bersiv eoloj PKKyne bo wan berbest mehdiyetan.

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