Mobilised diasporas: Kurdish and Berber movements in comparative perspective

Ofra Bengio, Bruce Maddy-Weitzman

Abstract

This study is a comparative analysis of the role of diaspora communities in the political and cultural activities of the Kurds and the Berbers (Amazigh) - the two most prominent cases of ethno-national imagining among the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) regions two main non-dominant ethnic groups. Berbers and Kurds, however heterogeneous and varied their multiple historical experiences, all operate within the realm of territorial nation-states dominated by different ethnic groups which have been historically hostile towards alternative conceptions of the political and social order. Kurdish and Berber diaspora communities have engaged in important intellectual, cultural and political activities on behalf of their respective causes. Inevitably, this has also sharpened the hybrid nature of their identities, in ways which distinguish them from those still residing in the homeland. Overall, the Kurdish diaspora is far more mobilised on behalf of the homeland, politically and ethnically, than the Amazigh, a reflection of the advanced state of the Kurdish ethno-national cause.

Dwelatiy birxist Bizav Kurd Berberan ji perspekteka danberhev/strong>

Mijara vlolhbiyeka danberhevye li ser rola civak dwelatdiyasporayy Kurd Berberan (Amazg) di lakiy wan siyasndda. Ev her du civak du nimey sereke y xeyalkirina etno-neteweyne di nav civak etn y ne-serdest li her Rojhilata Naverast Afraya Ba?ur (RNAB). Her nd bi serboriy xwe y dirokew ne hemcure ji hev cuda bin j Berber Kurd xebat xwe di qada netewe-dewletan de dikin ku tda kom etn y din serdest in. Ev kom serdest ji m ve ye dijberkonsept siyaspergal civaky alternat in. Civak dwelaty Kurd Berberan li ser nave gel xwe, xwe tillakiy girg ronakb ndsiyaskirine. Bivnevvyekbandoreka mezin heye li ser nasnameya wan a durehhybrid ku wan cihdike ji kes ku li welatmane. Bi gi?t Kurd dwelatli ser navhemwelatiy xwe ji laysiyasetnpitir birxistne ji Berberan ku ev yek jni?an dide bdoza etno-neteweyya Kurdan ndkemilye.

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Keywords

Kurds; Berbers; diaspora; identities; nationalism

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