Turkey, the Kurds, and the legal contours of the right to self-determination

Derya Bayir

Abstract

Within international law, the concept of self-determination has evolved over the years so as to reveal an external dimension, often associated with secession, and an internal dimension, entailing participatory democracy, minority protection in the context of pluralist co-existence within the territories of a state. An examination of the interpretation of self-determination by the Constitutional Court in Turkey shows, however, that the Court has statically endorsed the former, conservative viewpoint, which reinforces Turkey's militantly nationalist, democracy. This article explains the development of the right of self-determination in international law and examines the Turkish Constitutional Court's case law in that light. In a study of the case law on party closures in Turkey, it evaluates the extent to which the Constitutional Court's archaic and anti-democratic interpretation has created a legality undermining the ethno-cultural and political demands for the rights of Kurds in Turkey.


Tirkiye, Kurd derbenda zagonya mafbiryardana ren

Di nav dorbenda zagona navnetewda konsepta mafbiryardana ren pi?tgelek salan guheriye. Ev guher ji aliyekve rehendeka derveye?kere dike ku bi cudaxwaziyve tildar e; ji aliydin ve jrehendeka hindir e?kere dike ku vyekrdaye demokrasiya be?dar parastina kaniyan di konteksta pevrejiyaneka piranir/pluralt di nav sor dewletda. Lbel hneka li ?ovekirina mafbiryardana ren ji layDadgeha Qana Bingeh li Tirkiyeynan dide ku vdadgehherdem na p ya kevnepar pesend kiriye ku vjrdaye xurtkirina demokrasiyeka neteweperest a man. Ev gotar ge?eba mafbiryardana ren di zagona navnetewda rave dike bi vrhewl dide ku dozeka Dadgeha Qana Bingeh a Tirkan vekole. Bi xebateka li ser dozeka zagonderbareygirtina partiyan li Tirkiyey ev gotar dinirxe bta ast?ovey Dadgeha Zagony kevnepar dij-demokrat tihi?tineka qanava kiriye ku pe?kli daxwaz etno-ndy Kurd li Tirkiyeydixe.

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Keywords

Kurds; Self-determination; Turkish Constitutional Court; autonomy; democracy

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