Was Halabja a turning point for the poet Buland al-Haydari?

Hilla Peled-Shapira

Abstract

This article examines the writings of the emigrIraqi-Kurdish poet Buland al-Haydari (1926-1996) and thus explores components of his identity as reflected in themes and motifs of his poetry, in light of the fact that Iraqis belong to a variety of ethnicities, religions and sects. This article will also address the question of whether the poet's self-perception was transformed from a complex hybrid identity with Muslim, Christian, and other influences but excluding Kurdish elements, to a "new" Kurdish identity, as an outcome of the Iraqi chemical attack on the Kurdish town of Halabja in 1988. The assumption is that although the Halabja incident was the point at which the poet began to relate to his Kurdish origins, he was still loyal to Baghdad, to Iraq and to Arab culture, rather than solely emphasising his Kurdish identity. The article will examine the thematic and aesthetic effects of the tragedy in Halabja on al-Haydari's poetry in Arabic, focusing on different forms of identity as reflected in the poetry of this political activist.

Gelo Heleb xala werrxbbo helbestvan Bulend el-Heyder

Ev gotar vekolek e li ser niv helbestvan Buland el-Heyder(1926-1996) ku koerekji Kurd Iraqb Ji ber hind ev gotar han nasnameya w y ku di babet mot helbest wda rengvedane, derdihe li gel hayjeba ku Iraqxwednasnamey tel y etn dmezhebne. Herwisan, ev gotar dhewl bide ku pirsekjbibersive: Gelo wekencama a Iraqya kyayli ser bajarHelebydi 1988da, xwebiya vhelbestvanji nasnameya wya durehya tel -wekMisilman Mesbandor din, ji bilhan Kurdiy ber bi nasnameyeka Kurdya nve daguheriye? Pbev e ku hernd helbestvan vegeriyaye ser reh xwe y Kurdiy ew pirtir maye dilsozBexda, Iraq nda Ereban, ji dva ku tenpe bi nasnameya xwe ya Kurdiybide. Ev gotar dbandora temat estet ya trajediya Helebyli ser helbest Haydary bi Erebvekole bi baldariyeka li ser ?ey tel nasnameyku rengvedane di helbest vakttsiyasda.

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Keywords

Iraq; Halabja; Buland al-Haydari; Kurdish identity; poetry

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