Saving the Survivors: Yezidi Women, Islamic State and the German Admissions Program

Thomas McGee

Abstract

Brutality and sexual violence perpetrated by the Islamic State (IS) group against women and girls held in captivity have left traumatic effects on survivors and their communities. In this context, the German federal state of Baden-Wttemberg launched a novel Special Quota Humanitarian Admissions Programme to receive one thousand vulnerable women and children. They are predominantly from the Yezidi religious minority in Iraq and its autonomous Kurdistan Region. The programme serves as a noble precedent for new and expanded forms of international protection to those affected by conflict-related sexual violence and associated trauma. This article draws, however, on interviews with participants of the programme in order to consider critically the gendered assumptions embedded within its design, implementation and related discourse. Research findings indicate that explicit exclusion of all adult male family members from accompanying the vulnerable womenandchildren [1]to Germany is against the wishes and self-perceived best interests of some women survivors. Moreover, womens inability to maintain family unity compounds their lack of agency to determine the conditions of their own recovery and future within the programme framework.


[1] This article borrows the one-word compound term coined by feminist writer Cynthia Enloe to evoke the treatment of women within a conflated conceptual category of diminished personal agency and essentialised vulnerability.

ABSTRACT IN KURMANJI

Xelaskirina y saxmay Jin id Dewleta lambernameya Almanyayya qeb

Weh?et ?ideta cinsya ji ha Dewleta lamp hatli hember jin ken d tes trawmat li ser xelasbli ser cemaet wan hi?tiye. Di vrveyde, eyaleta Alman a Baden-Wttemberg bernameyeke nKotaya Taybet a Bernameya sanya Qebkirinda destpirin da ku hezar jin zarok di rew?a hesas de qeb bike. Ew jbi piranji keya olya idiyan p t li Iraqli Hera Otonom ya Kurdistan Bername wek pengeke ha ye ji bo away nberfireh vehewandin parastina navneteweyji wan kesan re ku ketine ber ?ideta seksya ji ber ?er trawmay ji wb Ev meqale xwe dispe hevpeyv ligel be?dar bernameyji bo ku bi awayekrexneyli wan pferz cinsy di binyad dayn tetb gotara wde. Encam lole nan didin ku bi e?kereyredana hemendam m malbatda ligel jin zarok di rew?a hesas de werin Almanyayli dijdaxwaz ba?tir feydeya (bi baweriya wan) hin ji wan jin xelasbye. Herwiha, zehmetiya jinan ji bo parastina yekiya malbat xwe kasiya bikeriya wan jxurttir dike ku ew bi xwe karibin biryarbigrin ji bo ?ert merc qencba xwe dahata xwe di nav rveya bernameyde.

ABSTRACT IN SORANI

Rizgarkrdinzdawan, jinand DewlletlamprogramwergirtinEllman/strong>

Ew we??iyet tunde ssey ke le layen grupDewlletlamewe le dijjinan kinbe dgraw hatote encam dan, karer tirawmatle ser zdawan komellgakanyan be chte. Lem kontste da wayetfirrall Baden WurtembgEllmanya programbe nawpi?ktaybet (Special Quota) dest pkird ke bre le prrogramxxwaz bo wergirtin, bo pwazirdin le yek hezar jin mindallbrbar. Zortiryan ser be kemey ayd le 'aq herKurdistanin. Ew prrograme wek despxereknayab ?wxoy kirdotewe bo brewdan be ?aznwir berfrawantirparastinnneteweybo ewaney ke kewtete j karer tund ssew tirawmayey ke bew hoyewe tyan be. Le ser binemay wpewtingelencamdraw legell be?darbanprogrameke da em meqaleye be ?eyekrexnegirane ew grane cenderane ?dekatewe ke le naw nawerrok ?azcecirdin gutarpeywendar dan. Encamekanlollewe derdexen ke xistinedertewawendame nekanxan ke haw?an"jinan mindallan"brbar birron bo Ellmanya le dijwt pawte kesekanhend le jine zdumawekane. Herweha nebtwanay ewey ke jinekan xanekanyan be yekgirt bihlinewe, ra le karabyan degir le phanmercekanreserdahatan le arwey ew programe da.

Keywords

Yezidi; women; SGBV; survivors; trauma; migration

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