Reading and feeling gender in perpetrator graffiti and photography in Turkey

Beja Protner

Abstract

During the urban clashes between Kurdish militants and Turkish state forces in 2015-2016, young politicized social media users in Istanbul witnessed and experienced political violence through their engagement with violent words and images on social media, without being anywhere near the armed clashes. These were photographs of militarized nationalist performances of masculinized domination and sexist graffiti, produced by the Turkish Special Forces and circulated in the cyberspace. Based on an ethnographic study among young educated pro-Kurdish viewers and an ethnographically situated textual analysis of the graffiti, this article illustrates the ways images are perceived in the particular cultural and sociopolitical context. It argues that the gendered meanings that relate to the core of the gendered and ethnicized structural violence in Turkey, enhance the affectivecybertouchof political violence.

ABSTRACT IN KURMANJI

Xwendin hiskirina cinsiyetdi grafwey bikeran de li Tirkiyey/strong>

Ev meqale berxwe dide h cinsy rasthatin hisswatedar ligel graf bikeran wey qad ?erbajarli bajar kurdli ba?-rojhilatTirkiyey Di dema pn nav baj di navbera man kurd h dewleta tirk de, sal 2015-2016, biker ciwan poleby medyaya civakli Stenbolb ?ah tecrubeker ?ideta pol wexta ketine ber pa wey xe? graf cinsiyetger performans neteweger mitart serdestiya ne, ku ew we grafji destH Taybet Tirk derketib li seranserqada ser hatib belavkirin. Ev meqale xwe li ser bingeha etnografiya ber ciwan perwery pi?tgir kurdan li ser bingeha tehla metnya grafan ji nezera etnograf ve hatiye avakirin, ia dike ku ew set bi dilxwel hseke mezin tes li beran dike ji ber watey xwe siyascinsiyetperest, ku ev yek jberme dide kakila ?ideta binyadli Tirkiyey Tes ?er ne ti?t ne-subjekt, p-gotar gerdtesadufne, belku ew di sjektiy pol-cinsy mirovan re derbas dibin li ser wan te mohrkirin ji ber rveya xwe ya babsalarnefreta li hember jinan. Amajey aloz pir cinsrdidin reke ban bibxistin ku tecrubeya hissbilind dikin.

ABSTRACT IN SORANI

Xwdinewe hest kirdin be cender le graffotograftawankar le Turkiya da

Em meqaleye terk dekat le ser rehende cenderekanpeywendarbhestewerwatadar legell graftawankar (Perpetrator grafiti) fotografda le zone bajrekan?err le ?are kurdekanba?rojhellatTurkiya da. Le katberdewam pdadane bajrekannan kdare kurdekan he dewlletekanTurkiya da le nan sallan2015 bo 2016 da bekarherangencbe siyasso?yal miya be ?ah ezmkersiyasettund ke le ray bekarhanwegeltundxonandane netewegera serbazekanheymeney msalargraf sst, le layen he taybetekanTurkiyawe berhem dehatin le sayber speys da pex? dekiran. Le ser binemay nograf tema?akarangenc peyi?tkurdgerawe ?ar tstgeraybe nograf ?wga kiraw, em meqaleye pagir lewe dekat ke ew wane be ?eyekpirr b treykarer le ser tema?akeranan daden, ewey? be hoy wata siyase be cenderkirawekananewe ke degatewe kirroktundbyadle Turkiya da. Encamekan?err ziyatir lewey ke kes prdkurs, gerdherremek bin, be kesiye siyase be cenderkirawekanxellk da deguzer be hoy arwe bawksalar dije jinekeyanewe panewe desp. Amaje alloz be qlbecenderkrawekan be?bewer peywendekan ho?yar dekatewe debe hoyziyadbezmunhestewer

Keywords

Digital Militarism; Affect; Subjectivity; Political Violence; Kurdish Issue

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