Mother-Activism before the European Court of Human Rights: Gender sensitivity towards Kurdish mothers and wives in enforced disappearances cases

Maja Davidovic

Abstract

The Kurdish population in South-Eastern Turkey has been heavily subject to a widespread policy of state-sponsored and state-performed violence, with the predominant strategy being that of enforced disappearances. Those targeted by state agents as enemies and subsequently forcibly disappeared tend to be predominantly male, while their wives and mothers are left behind, often tortured, harassed and threatened, however rarely kidnapped. This international crime distorts traditional family roles and relations and leaves women in a particularly vulnerable position due to the gender-biased realities which isolate men as victims of this particular crime. Remarkably, the struggle to find the remains of the disappeared often becomes the sole priority of these women who therein enter public arenas in search for their loved ones. What this paper wishes to examine is this kind of (assisted) agency of Kurdish wives and mothers of the disappeared, its presentation, interpretation, acceptance by the European Court of Human Rights, and the lessons it transmits about womens experiences of conflict.

ABSTRACT IN KURMANJI

lakiy dayikan li ber Dadgeha Maf Mirovan a Ewropay Hesasiyeta cinsiyetberamber dayik jin kurd di de'way berkirinan de

Gelkurd ba?-rojhilatTirkiyeybi giranketiye ber peke siyaseta ?ideta bi pi?tgirkiryara dewlet ku tde stratejiya serekberkirin bi darzorbe. Ew wek dijmin dibine armanca biker dewletpa?jbi zorte berkirin bi piranm in, jin dayik wan maygelek caran t?kenceydibin dikevine ber gefan lk caran te revandin. Ev tawana navneteweyrol e tiliy edety nav malbatt dibe jinan di nav rew?eke pir nazik de dihe ji ber rastiy di lehycinsman de ku man wek tenya mexd vtawandidine xuyakirin Girg e bdin ku to?a peydakirina bermay berkiriyan gelek caran dibe tenya xem paniya van jin ku bi vrengte nav meydan gi?tli pey hezkiriy xwe. Ev meqale berxwe dide lola vcureybikeriya (ararir ya jin dayik kurd berkiriyan, li tems, ?irove wergirtina wan ji aliyDadgeha Ewropaybo Maf Mirovan, ders ku ew li ser tecrubey jinan derheq ?er dubendiyan de vediguhin.

ABSTRACT IN SORANI

lakwan dayikan le berdem Dadgay MafMirovEwrupda: Hestewer cender le hember dayikanjinankurd le naw keysgel?wbizirkirdinbe zor da

Dantuwankurdba?urrojhellatTurkiya gel be dijwarkirawnete amanctund ke le layen dewlletewe parey bo dab dekir le layen dewlletewe encam dedir. Strat serek ew tunde? briye le ?wbizirkirdinbe zor. Ew kesaney ke le layen ectekandebinewe weku dujmin dekre amanc dwatir be zor ?wbizir dekr zorbeyan nen, le kat da ke hawser daykanyan pi?tgwdexir, gel caran e?kence dedr, sayetan pdekir herre?eyan ldekir, bellam kemcar derrifr. Em tawane cane roll peywende nerekannaw xan tdedat jinan dexate ?alletfre naskewe, ewey? be hoy ew rasteqe pbirryare cenderaneweye ke piyawan weku qurbananem tawane taybete dadebirr. Ewey serincrrake eweye ke xebat bo dozewey ?wbizirkrawan xallle peye bo ew jinaney ke le pawdozewey xo?ewtekanyan da de naw era gi?tiyekanewe. Ewey ke em meqaleye deyew be taqkatewe ke biker (yarirawekan jinandaykanbe ?wbizirkirawankurd nahle layen dadgay Ewr MafekanMirovewe nan dedir, l dedirewe qibl dekir herweha ew wananey derbarey ezmjinan le buwar?err da ke pex?yan dekat.

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